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Article Comparison Table
Article One
Criteria Article One Article Two
Citation
Include the APA reference note. Barber, E. L., Lundsberg, L. S., Belanger, K., Pettker, C. M., Funai, E. F., & Illuzzi, J. L. (2011). Indications contributing to the increasing cesarean delivery rate. Obstetrics and gynecology, 118(1), 29-38. Betrán, A. P., Ye, J., Moller, A. B., Zhang, J., Gülmezoglu, A. M., & Torloni, M. R. (2016). The Increasing Trend in Caesarean Section Rates: Global, Regional and National Estimates: 1990-2014. PloS one, 11(2), e0148343.
Content Summary
Craft a 100-150 word summary of the article The primary users as well as repeat users of the caesarean section procedure have contributed the increase in caesarean section rates. The increase in these rates is also attributed by other indicators, which affect pregnant women. Caesarean rates have increased from 26% to 36% between 2003 and 2009 which largely constitutes primary caesarean rates which are women using caesarean rates for the first time. Major indications for the increased caesarean rates include nonreassuring fetal status, arrest of dilation, and obstetric conditions. These indications have contributed to the increase in primary caesarean births by 50%. Healthcare stakeholders have implemented different strategies, which include patient education, which are aimed to improve maternal health and reduce the risks associated with the caesarean section. Caesarean section rates has continued to rise in the current times which has evoked a lot of concern by the stakeholders involved due to the risks involved in performing this process. Caesarean section incurs a lot of cost to the patients as well as insurance providers making it a major concern to all stakeholders involved in the delivery of healthcare services. From data collected on caesarean sections rates in different countries between 1990 and 2014, the rate of caesarean section has steadily increased to worrying levels, which makes it necessary for policy makers and different stakeholders in the healthcare sector to implement effective strategies to address this concern. These strategies will be aimed at optimizing the use of caesarean section.

Research Methods
Describe the methods used, including tools, systems, etc. Information was collected from January 2003 to December 2009, which included data on all live births at Yale-New Haven Hospital and the type of delivery used by the physicians. This healthcare facility serves diverse populations, which makes it effective in determining the usage of caesarean section between different individuals. This facility is also a community facility, which implies that the facility serves a large population. Primary as well as repeat caesarean delivery rates were calculated for each year This rate was determined based on 1000 live births. Logistic regression modeling was used in computing the estimated risk of primary caesarean delivery for the different categories of women who included university patients, private patients, and high-risk patients. Research methods include collecting caesarean section rates at the national level, which was computed by dividing the number of caesarean deliveries, by the total number of live births. Information was collected from nationally representative surveys, reports from health authorities, and routine vital statistics. This provided information on the caesarean section rates in different countries per year. Demographic and Heath Surveys were majorly used since they have been world widely recognized as reliable in collecting national data on maternal health. The survey methodology was used to sample information from different individuals in a given population.

Focus of the Research or Study
Describe the design of the relevant research or study in the article. This research used the descriptive research design, which aimed at analyzing the rising caesarean section rates, which are attributed to certain indications. Some of the indications attributed to an increase in caesarean rates include fetal heart tracings, certain fetal conditions, and labor arrest disorders. This research used the descriptive research design to determine the increasing trend in caesarean rates with an analysis of data collected previously on caesarean sections in 1990 to 2014. Information was collected through quantitative research on the given population.
Target Audiences and Subjects
Identify the target audience (population) and the setting in which the research/study was conducted. This research is targeted to healthcare practitioners and other healthcare stakeholders by providing information on different indicators contributing to the increase in caesarean deliveries. This information is meant to provide guidance to the stakeholders in developing future strategies to improve the process and increase its effectiveness. Healthcare stakeholders can also use this information to implement effective strategies to address these indicators, which may affect the maternal health of mothers. The target audiences of this research are the healthcare stakeholders who play an important role in the delivery of healthcare services including maternal health services. This research is meant to provide information on the rising trend on caesarean rates, which has caused a lack of consensus on the appropriate caesarean section rates. This information will also help healthcare practitioners in addressing the risks associated with this procedure as well as minimize the costs involved.
Potential Impact on Future Health Care Delivery
Propose how this information could or will impact future health care delivery or options. This information is important in helping healthcare stakeholders in developing effective strategies aimed at positively impacting maternal health. With information on the indications, which contribute to the increase of this procedure, healthcare practitioners are able to address any health issues determined which will improve the maternal health. Information provided by this research is important in helping healthcare stakeholders in determining appropriate consensus on the appropriate caesarean rate, which will help them in effective planning of healthcare resources, which are important in ensuring effective caesarean procedures. This is important in addressing any risks associated with caesarean procedures as well as minimizes costs incurred during this process.