Quick Answer: Who Invented Literature?

What is the origin of the word literature?

Etymologically, the term derives from Latin literatura/litteratura “learning, a writing, grammar,” originally “writing formed with letters,” from litera/littera “letter”.

In spite of this, the term has also been applied to spoken or sung texts..

What are the 2 major types of literature?

Literature is basically divided into fiction and non- fiction literature .

What was first language on earth?

SumerianThe oldest known written language is Sumerian, and it dates back to at least 3500 BC. The earliest proof that the written Sumerian language existed was the Kish Tablet, which was found in Iraq.

What is the oldest city in the world?

JerichoJericho, Palestinian Territories A small city with a population of 20,000 people, Jericho, which is located in the Palestine Territories, is believed to be the oldest city in the world. Indeed, some of the earliest archeological evidence from the area dates back 11,000 years.

Which is the hardest language in the world?

The Hardest Languages In The World To LearnMandarin. Right at the top is the most spoken language in the world: Mandarin. … Arabic. Number two, Arabic, challenges English speakers because most letters are written in 4 different forms depending on where they’re placed in a word. … Japanese. … Hungarian. … Korean. … Finnish. … Basque. … Navajo.More items…•Dec 6, 2016

What is the oldest writing?

cuneiform scriptThe cuneiform script, created in Mesopotamia, present-day Iraq, ca. 3200 BC, was first. It is also the only writing system which can be traced to its earliest prehistoric origin. This antecedent of the cuneiform script was a system of counting and recording goods with clay tokens.

What are the 3 types of literature?

The three major types of literature are drama, epic and lyric. Plato, Aristotle and Horace originally conceived of the three genres.

Who was the first known God?

Inanna is among the oldest deities whose names are recorded in ancient Sumer. She is listed among the earliest seven divine powers: Anu, Enlil, Enki, Ninhursag, Nanna, Utu, and Inanna. These seven would form the basis for many of the characteristics of the gods who followed.

What are the top 10 oldest languages?

The 10 Oldest Languages still spoken in the World TodayHebrew. Year: 10th century BCE. … Basque. Year: Unknown. … Tamil. Year: 300 BCE. … Arabic. Arabic is the fifth most spoken language in the world, with 270 million native speakers. … Farsi/ Persian. Year: 600 BCE. … Greek. Year: the earliest written evidence dates back to 1450-1350 BCE. … Chinese. Year: 1250 BCE. … Lithuanian.More items…•Jan 11, 2019

What are the 2 branches of literature?

There are two divisions of literature: prose and poetry. Prose is writing that resembles everyday speech.

Who is the father of literature?

Geoffrey ChaucerGeoffrey Chaucer. He was born in London sometime between 1340 and 1344. He was an English author, poet, philosopher, bureaucrat (courtier), and diplomat. He is also referred to as the father of English Literature.

What is the major type of literature?

The four main literary genres are poetry, fiction, nonfiction, and drama, with each varying in style, structure, subject matter, and the use of figurative language.

Why is literature an art?

As an art, literature is the organization of words to give pleasure; through them it elevates and transforms experience; through them it functions in society as a continuing symbolic criticism of values. Literature is a form of human expression.

Does history define literature?

Literature and history, however, also have differences: literature may be figments of the imagination or events devoid of truth that have been written down, while history is made up of events that really happened. Literature is present during the era of the ancient world.