Robertson Magaret 2014 What is sustainability? (Chapter 1) London : Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group,
This paper cited above deals with the much-addressed issue of contemporary times, sustainability of natural resources and biodiversity. Earth consists of varied resources be it natural or biotic and since these resources are limited it is the responsibility of humans to sustain them for years to come. The term ‘sustainability’ refers to identifying the dynamism and interdependence among all the parts of environment
Sustainability as idea represents how the dynamic systems of nature work in congruence and as a discipline, it is a field of science referring human response to the environmental changes as well as how they are employing strategies to face those changes creating professional opportunities. In general, the discipline of sustainability includes three factors, environment, equity and economic. Significantly, the book concentrates on sustainability as a discipline of study and its immense possibility of inventing new ways for protecting environment (Epstein & Buhovac, 2014). In addition, it has been creating new professionals with high thinking competency to combat with the extreme challenges in the changing and decreasing natural and biotic resources. In brief the idea of sustainability acts as a hope that earth will retain all of its species in variety and the discipline of sustainability study supports the idea by providing practical measures (Tomas et al., 2015). Sustainable development is not about giving priority to the environmental concerns, it is about incorporating environmental assets into the economic system.
Developing awareness of the sustainability concept. The Journal of Environmental Education, 34(1), 16-20.
The study concerns with the environmental dimension that corresponds to preserving the integrity and diversity of the ecosystem and exhibits an environmentalist outlook on how to sustain ecological and biological conditions in the special case of Waterton Lakes National Park, which is a biosphere reserve. However, the park’s flora and fauna as well as the wildlife are not as protected as they should be and considerable negligence on the park management and guards’ part can be observed. Besides, the stakeholders’ point-of-views regarding the park has been concerning the environmentalists. While the local ranchers view the park as their camping ground and more importantly do not adhere to the regulations, the municipal districts intend to obtain financial benefit from the park. The neighboring aboriginal communities, however, view the park with intrinsic spiritual values that make them feel connected with all the living things of the park and this perspective of them is in stark contrast with park management strategies; naturally, a conflict is certain to arise. Another conflict which arises between the ranchers and the park committee is on the wolves; the ranchers view the existence of wolves as harming their economic interests while the according to a biosphere reserve’s point-of-view it is essential to maintain bio-diversity.
Analyzing the study, the main concern captured is the association of several interests with the park conflicting with a biosphere reserve’s interest (Bennett, 2015). A protected site for animals and plants requires well-built security and ever alarmed protectors in the first place, which the Waterton Lakes National Park lacks. Next, it was tried to resolve the stakeholders’ issues by providing compensations to the ranchers but without success. In addition, most of the ranchers do not care to obey the restrictions nor do they support. However, the most worrying factor is of the municipal districts who are themselves a part of government. Hence, if strict action is needed to be taken, which is quite evident the governmental authorities have to remove their interest of economic benefit. In addition, local people and the aboriginals must be made aware of the importance of the park as a biosphere reserve because without establishing congruence between traditional use of the park and the contemporary concept of biosphere reserve the objectives of the park will not be a success (Dias, 2015).
Brueckner, M., Durey, A., Mayes, R., & Pforr, C. (2013). The mining boom and Western Australia’s changing landscape: Towards sustainability or business as usual?. Rural Society, 22(2), 111-124.
This cited paper contains research on the role that mining play in the socio-economic and environmental context of Western Australia. In addition, the paper reviews how this sector has been playing a crucial role in the sustainable development of the said state. The outcomes and perspectives of the study have been obtained from relevant academic literature, community-based research and data retrieved from governmental sources. Literature reveals that the onset of the mining sector business and related industries has caused considerable economic development in the area. However, this has an adverse effect too such as this economic boom has been attracting thousands of settlers causing alarming financial inequality, giving rise to housing shortages, causing major water consumption, increasing the posits of waste product on the landscape and flooding areas with acidic water. The study, in conclusion suggests that a sustainable system of resource governance is required to address the issues and paving the path of ‘sustainable mining’
Analyzing the study, it can be inferred that undoubtedly the mining boom of Western Australia has played a fundamental role in economic development of the state and has raised the living standard of the people. However, this radical development has taken a toll on both the environment and the society. The very idea of ‘sustainable mining’ is contradictory in meaning. Mining itself symbolizes exploitation of natural resources and then association of the term ‘sustainable’ with it raises questions (Fonseca, McAllister ; Fitzpatrick, 2014). Besides this, the impact of mining boom seems to have grave consequence on society too; the communities have lost their identities due to the rise in settling population and loss of local control over things. This is indeed critical for the social picture of WA, as economic improvement is not in congruence with the overall development of people here. Therefore, it cannot be told that the larger picture of Western Australia is positive; what it needs is a holistic approach of development combining profit, people, place and environment and thereby making the development sustainable (Bartling, 2016).