We all know that robots are taking people’s jobs, and this research paper shows the dramatic degree to which industrial robots are replacing human workers and forcing down wages and increases the productivity. From my research I found some big countries and popular company’s names who are already taking advantage of robotics to cut down on labor costs and streamline their production.
Industrial robots are being put to work on a massive scale in China. Taking the case of electronics giant Foxconn, Jenny Chan considers what an automated future holds in store for human workers.
China goes all out for automation and the country has become the world’s leading emptor of business robots. It is progressively producing them reception. the government shares and actively pursues its vision of ‘Replacing Humans with Robots’ with mega-corporations, because it seeks to squeeze out low-end industries (plastics, toys, furniture, clothes and also the like), whereas giving subsidies and bank loans to higher worth industries like natural philosophy, vehicles, InfoTech and biotech.
The national programme ‘Made in China 2025’ plans to remodel the ‘world factory’ into a strategic base of ‘intelligent’ producing. Productivity per employee should rise – which regularly interprets as fewer jobs in business. Within the town of Dongguan, that encompasses a $30-million annual fund to spice up firms’ productivity, 87,000 staff were replaced by robots between 2014 and 2016. In Zhejiang province, 2 million lost their jobs between 2013 and 2015.
What this robotic future might mean for industrial employees will be understood by observing the country’s largest bourgeois of advanced shopper physical science and also the world’s largest physical science computer program – Taiwanese-owned Foxconn Technology cluster. Foxconn gained worldwide ill famefor poor operating conditions in its factories that allegedly diode to a spate of employee suicides in 2010. The tragic loss of fourteen lives didn’t appear to impact the economic empire – the company’s fortunes are on a roll. Once reaching 100,000 staff in 2003, Foxconn expanded by leaps and bounds to over 700,000 in 2008 and tried resilient throughout the world economic worsening, continued to expand its international labor force, that reached 1,000,000 in 2011 and 1.3 million in 2012.
In the production method, employees occupy rock bottom position, even below the lifeless machinery
Then comes the turning point: in 2015 Foxconn’s total labour force born back to around 1,000,000, and by the top of 2016 any still to 873,467. Meanwhile, its annual profits soared, reaching associate degree unprecedented $4.9billion. In revenue terms, Fortune international five hundred ranks Foxconn – additionally referred to as Hon Hai exactitude business – twenty seventh, hot on the heels of Amazon.com.
When it replaced 60,000 employees with robots in one manufacturing plant, Foxconn boasted to the BBC that it’s positioning itself with Peking leaders United Nations agency ask for to upgrade the technological levels of Chinese workers: ‘We area unit applying AI engineering and different innovative producing technologies to interchange repetitive tasks antecedently done by employees; and thru coaching, additionally alter our staff to specialize in higher added parts within the producing method, like analysis and development, method management and internal control.’ however technical skills coaching for a couple of aside, the bulk of Foxconn employees still toil day and night with slim prospect of upgrading. Rather more doubtless is that the prospect of replacement by ‘Foxbots’.
In my research I found that the robots also affect the US economy. In the National Bureau of Economic Research Daron Acemogluof MIT and Boston University’s Pascual Restrepo published their findings where they said that each further automaton within the United States economy reduces employment by 5.6 workers, and eachautomatonthat’sadditional to the manpower per one thousand human employees causes wages to drop the maximum amount as 0.25 to 0.5 percent.